Peer review of teammates
Allowing students to conduct a peer review of each of their teammates helps hold individual team members accountable to one another. The aggregated results of each team member's evaluation can be used to adjust a grade for a group project. This gives students a voice in letting their instructors know who did a great job and should be recognized and who may have not contributed as much as their other teammates. You will need to decide what percentage of the team grade will be determined by peer evaluations.
How to do it:
- Provide guidance in peer review. To ensure that students are not too lenient, too critical, or disadvantage specific groups of students (Dingel, 2014) in their peer review, some guidance should be provided by the instructor. Students educated outside the U.S. might be new to team projects and peer review. This guidance can take the form of a rubric describing individual contribution standards or a checklist of desired attributes. Alternatively, student teams could choose their own standards at the beginning of the class. There are also platforms that can host peer reviews that require evaluation “calibration” prior to allowing students to evaluate their peers (see CATME below).
- Have students do an early, formative peer review of each of their teammates to provide them with practice and to alert any students who may not be performing acceptably to change their behavior.
- Have students keep track of their individual contributions. These could be summarized in a final report. They can also be provided to the team to help them in their peer evaluations
Online tools for peer review: